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Mosquito in Portugal and the Algarve (from the Portuguese word for little fly) is a common insect and also known as the gnat.

Below we will give you some information about the insect, but for now let us cover what you want to know.

There is no risk of malaria in Portugal it was reported that the island of Madeira has had cases of Dengue fever even in 2012,it is very rare but it can be life threatening if it turns into dengue hemorrhagic fever.

It has also been known in very hot weather for some larger varieties to come from, as far a field as North Africa, and the bite can be very severe and itchy. Mosquitoes prefer some people over others. This preferential  to who they bite is down to who’s sweat simply smells better than others,this is because of the proportions of the carbon dioxide, octenol and other compounds that make up body odour.


It is also known that shower gels and creams can cause attraction, these are ones that contain Almond and honey extracts.

If you normally take a glass of water to bed with you then this will also attract Mosquitos, instead take a bottle of water,

Mosquitoes go through four stages in their life-cycle, egg, larva, pupa, and adult. Only the females bite as well as laying their eggs normally in standing water, such as plant, or an artificial water container such as a plastic bucket.

The first three stages are aquatic and last 5–14 days, depending on the species and the ambient temperature; eggs hatch to become larvae, then pupae and can be seen wriggling in the water The adult mosquito emerges from the pupa as it floats at the water surface. Adults live for 4–8 weeks.

The powerful semio chemical that triggers the mosquito's keen sense of smell. A large part of the mosquito’s sense of smell is devoted to sniffing out human targets. Of 72 types of odour receptor on its antennae, at least 27 are tuned to detect chemicals found in perspiration. so it is better to apply a repellent to prevent rather than treating a bite,mosquitos produce a chemical when biting so when they place the snout into your skin you can not feel it, once they have feed it is this chemical that cause you itching and scratching with your nails will likely lead to an infection, so avoid scratching at all cost, placing an ice cube will help.

There are about 3,500 species of mosquitoes found throughout the world. In some species of mosquito, the females feed on humans, and are therefore vectors for a number of infectious diseases affecting millions of people per year.  Mosquitoes have mouthparts that are adapted for piercing the skin of plants and animals. While males typically feed on nectar and plant juices, the female needs to obtain nutrients from a "blood meal" before she can produce eggs, we hope this article will help you not be their next victim




Wasps

As the common wasp in most countries can build a nest that can hold up to 5000 wasps in one nest, however the more common in Portugal are those that make small nest that hang by a small stem, nest should be left alone. and little harm will come. However if you have to destroy one it is better with the spray type and should only be done early morning and late evening as this is when they are at there most docile, there is also a Earth wasp that lives in the ground, this gives a sting that is very painful and often needs medical attention as it can give a reaction of bad swelling and a anti histamine injection followed by a course of anti histamine tablets  

Bees

Most of Portugal will have honeybees and harmless, however they will sting if provoked unlike the wasp that can sting over and over a bee will only sting the once leaving behind the sting it is important to remove as soon as possible with tweezers as it will continue to pump venom. if swelling gets large in less than 5 minutes seek medical help as soon as possible

Scorpions

Portugal has small black scorpions that can give a nasty sting but not life threatening they can be found under pots and rocks, normally never seen so the chance of you seeing one on holiday is very slim, if found leave alone and they will hide back to darkness which they prefer.


            Insect repellents

 The chemical DEET repels some  mosquitoes and other insects.      CDC recommended repellents are Picaridin, Oil of Eucalyptus, Jungle Wipes and Avon SOS (skin so soft) if you do not have any repellent to hand a lemon will help ease the pain,as will a fresh picked lemon rubbing the oil from lemon skin. Vinegar for wasp and bee sting as the acid in a neutralizer when placed on cotton wool over the sting, only a bee sting will leave behind the sting point from the bee and this needs to be removed with tweezers


Common wasp with nests up to 5000 per nest

Female Mosquito is the only one that bites

Potter wasp little clay pot

Harmless black scorpion

Female Mosquito feeding